Working alone places special demands on the work environment. In this context, working alone means tasks carried out in physical or social isolation from other people.
A risk assessment should always be carried out for tasks that involves working alone. Hazardous tasks may not be carried out when working alone. This is especially important if the task is performed outside of regular working hours or during field work. When working at night, the risk of assault should also be considered.
Some high-risk tasks may be allowed to be performed alone as long as special safety measures are taken, such as regular contact at established times with a specific person/people.
Rules regarding high-risk tasks that are performed alone shall be documented in writing and clarified for all employees. The document must be signed by the parties involved (department head/equivalent, group manager and safety officer).
The provision on Working Alone (AFS 1982:3) includes special terms for solitary work associated with special risks or stress.