Cheating and plagiarism in connection with exams at home
The same rules and principles regarding cheating and plagiarism apply to exams taken at home as to exams taken in an exam room. The difference is the possibility of invigilation while the exam is in progress.
The safest form of exam at home is an oral examination using Zoom, which presupposes a relatively small group of students. In such an exaam, students can show their ID and need to know the material to be able to answer the questions the teacher asks. In larger student groups this becomes impracticable.
Questions are coming in about the possibility of supervising students taking remote exams. At present, there is no sure means of doing so. Locking students’ computers to prevent internet surfing is possible, to be sure, if a special web browser, a Safe Exam Browser, has been installed, but this only provides an illusion of security since students may have a mobile phone available.
Any attempt to invigilate an exam remotely while it is in progress via the student’s web camera (e.g. by means of a Zoom meeting) can easily be circumvented if anyone wants to do so, e.g. by having an earphone that does not show. It is also difficult to see how to move from suspicion to proof. If a student goes to the toilet during an exam, that also offers opportunities for cheating.
Another possibility (besides an oral examination) is to shorten the time allowed for answering multiple choice questions. However, students have proved to be quick at googling, so not even that makes cheating impossible.
Create questions that have no quick answers
The alternative that you have at your disposal is to create questions that cannot be answered by a quick search on the internet. You can find out how to create such questions on the page about take-home exams. A take-home exam that students hand in via Studium or the Student Portal can easily be checked using Urkund.
More information about examination procedures is available in the Swedish Higher Education Authority’s publication UKÄ Rättssäker examination (in Swedish).
A shorter English language version is also available, UKÄ Fair examination.